Pre-eclampsia is a condition marked by high blood pressure, protein in urine during pregnancy period It is pre-eclampsia definition..It happens usually after the 20th week of pregnancy. Its accures only during pregnancy.. Its not necessary that high blood pressure during gestation, indicats always sign of pre-eclampsia, it may be sign of anothet problem too…
Pre-eclampsia a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy
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Symptoms of progress:
It can cause fluid retention (oedema), which often causes sudden swelling of the feet, ankles, face and hands. Oedema is another common symptom of pregnancy, but it tends to be in the lower parts of the body, such as the feet and ankles.
It will gradually build up during the day. If the swelling is sudden, and it particularly affects the face and hands, it could be pre-eclampsia.
As pre-eclampsia progresseys, it may cause:
severe headaches,vision problems, such as blurring or seeing flashing lights,dizziness
pain in the upper abdomen,shortness of breath,nausea and vomiting,excessive weight gain due to fluid retention..
If you notice any symptoms of preeclampsia, seek medical advice immediately. Without immediate treatment, pre-eclampsia may lead to a number of serious complications,
Risk factor: Some factors have been identified that could increase your chance of developing pre-eclampsia.
The main risk factors are-
- You had pre-eclampsia in a previous pregnancy. There is an approximately 20% chance that you will develop the condition again in later pregnancies.
- You have an existing medical problem: for example, diabetes, kidney disease, migraines or high blood pressure.
Other risk factors are-
- You have a family history of the condition. For example, your mother or sister has had preeclampsia.
- You are a teenager or are aged over 40.
- You were obese at the start of your pregnancy (you had a body mass index of 30 or more).
- You are expecting multiple babies, such as twins or triplets .
How pre-eclampsia affects your unborn baby:
Around 5 to 10% of pre-term deliveries are due to pre-eclampsia or its associated complications.
The main sign of pre-eclampsia in the unborn baby is slow growth. This is caused by poor blood supply through the placenta to the baby. The growing baby receives less oxygen and fewer nutrients than it should, which can affect development.
Pre-eclampsia can be managed by lowering blood pressure and managing the other
symptoms during pragnancy, sometimes with medication. The only way to cure pre-eclampsia is to deliver the baby.
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